It is situated 12 kms from Sawai Madhopur and gets its name from the Ranthambore Fort situated within its boundaries. The Ranthambore National Park is situated amidst the Aravalis and the Vindhya ranges surrounded by vast tracts of desert ecology of Rajasthan. It spreads over an area of 392 Sq. Kms of thick forest covered with nullahs and water falls. The park has a tropical dry deciduous and tropical thorn forest type of Vegetation. Important tree species include Acocia, Lencolh, Leela, Beri, Aaam, Dhok and Flame of the Forest. Rajbag, Padam Talab and Malik Talab lakes are a paradise for wildlife and are full of Lotus and Nymphaeas. The Herbivorous animals include Blue Bull, Sambhar, Chinkara and Cheetal . Sambhar deer is the pride of the park and nowhere else in Asia can one see these deer during day time. The tiger is the biggest attraction of the park. Ranthambore is considered one of the best parks in the country to see and observe the tiger. Carnivore in the park include the Leopard, Ratel, Caracle, Jungle Cat ,Fox and Jackal.
The park has more than 300 varieties of birds. Apart from common birds like Parakeets, Doves, Patridges, Eagles and Owls. Some rare birds like the Black Eagles and the Crested Hawk Eagle have also been sighted in the park. During the winter months migratory birds such as Graylag Goose, Ruddy Shelduck and Pintails are also seen. Recently the Kaila Devi Sanctuary to the north-east of Ranthambore National Park and Sawai Man Singh sanctuary towards the south have been included in the park and are now a part of Ranthambore Nationa Park. The park is open from October to June.
The History of Sawai Madhopur revolves around the Ranthambore Fort. It is still NOT certain who built this fort and when, but some people say that it was built in 944 A.D. The eminent ruler of the fort was Rao Hamir who ruled around 1296 A.D. The fort was so strong and inaccessible that even rulers of Delhi and Agra found it a challenge. Despite this move of its ruler, it had a peaceful spell. This great fort inspires patriotism valor and love as can be seen from its remnants of inside are of historical interest namely Toran Dwar , Mahadeo Chhatri , Samantonki Haveli , 32 pillared Chhatri , a mosque and the lord Ganesha temple. Of these the Ganesha temple holds a major attraction for visitors. People from all over the world come here to seek the blessing of Lord Ganesha, especially the mail sent to the Lord consisting mainly of wedding cards. A fair is held on Bhadrapad Sudi Chaturthi over here